Smoking is a major risk factor for developing gum disease.
Cigars, pipe smoking, and smokeless tobacco are also risk factors for developing periodontal disease.
Smokers may not have the usual first signs of gum disease such as redness, swelling, and bleeding. The nicotine in cigarettes constricts blood vessels and impairs this response. However, if you look closer, other signs of periodontal disease are present, such as bone loss and periodontal pockets.
If you smoke, the best thing you can do for you and your family is to stop. Quitting smoking cannot reverse previous damage to your teeth, gums, and bone, but the disease process slows down significantly. And your response to treatment is similar to someone who has never smoked.
If you have periodontal disease due to current or former smoking or tobacco use, add a Waterpik® Water Flosser to your daily tooth brushing. Studies show that people previously treated for periodontal disease who added a Waterpik® Water Flosser to their daily routine had better reductions in bleeding and gingivitis than those who did not.
Additionally, it is not uncommon to have some pockets remaining after gum disease treatment. The biggest problem this creates is keeping the pocket clean. To improve your cleaning of a pocket, use a Waterpik® Water Flosser with a Pik Pocket™ Tip. This tip is easy to use and gently cleans periodontal pockets more effectively than dental floss.